What are cookies?
Cookies are files that can be downloaded to your computer through web pages. They are tools that play an essential role in the provision of numerous information society services. Among other things, they allow a web page to store and retrieve information about a user's or their computer's browsing habits and, depending on the information obtained, can be used to recognize the user and improve the service offered.
Types of cookies According to the entity that manages the domain from which cookies are sent and processes the data obtained, two types can be distinguished:
First-party cookies: those that are sent to the user's terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself and from which the requested service is provided by the user.
Third-party cookies: those that are sent to the user's terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity that processes the data obtained through cookies.
If cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself, but the information collected through them is managed by a third party, they cannot be considered as first-party cookies.
There is also a second classification according to the length of time they remain stored in the client's browser, which can be:
Session cookies: designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are usually used to store information that is only of interest to preserve for the provision of the service requested by the user on a single occasion (e.g., a list of purchased products).
Persistent cookies: data is still stored on the terminal and can be accessed and processed for a period defined by the responsible party for the cookie, which can range from a few minutes to several years.
Finally, there is another classification according to the purpose for which the obtained data is processed:
Technical cookies: those that allow the user to navigate through a web page, platform, or application and use the different options or services that exist on it, such as controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing restricted access parts, remembering the elements that make up an order, making the purchase process of an order, making the request for registration or participation in an event, using security elements during navigation, storing content for the dissemination of videos or sound or sharing content through social networks.
Personalization cookies: allow the user to access the service with some general pre-defined features based on a series of criteria on the user's terminal, such as language, the type of browser through which they access the service, the regional configuration from where they access the service, etc.
Analysis cookies: allow the party responsible for them to track and analyze the behavior of users of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected through this type of cookie is used in measuring the activity of websites, applications, or platforms and in the creation of browsing profiles of users of such sites, applications, and platforms, in order to introduce improvements based on the analysis of the usage data of the service's users.
Advertising cookies: allow the management of advertising space in the most effective way possible.
Behavioral advertising cookies: store information on users' behavior obtained through the continuous observation of their browsing habits, allowing for the development of a specific profile to display advertising based on it.
Deactivating and deleting cookies:
You have the option to allow, block, or delete cookies installed on your computer by configuring the options of the browser installed on your computer. By deactivating cookies, some of the available services may become inoperative. The way to disable cookies is different for each browser, but it can usually be done from the Tools or Options menu. The browser's Help menu can also be consulted where you can find instructions. The user can choose at any time which cookies they want to work on this website.
You can allow, block, or delete cookies installed on your computer by configuring the options of the browser installed on your computer:
Microsoft Internet Explorer or Microsoft Edge: http://windows.microsoft.com/eses/windows-vista/Block-or-allow-cookies
Mozilla Firefox: http://support.mozilla.org/es/kb/impedir-que-los-sitios-webguarden-sus-preferencia
In addition, you can also manage the cookie store in your browser through tools.
With this information, you can take the following actions:
Accept cookies. This notice will not be displayed again when accessing any page of the portal during the current session.
Close. The notice is hidden on the current page.
Modify your settings.